I Was Robbed!

Types of crime and types of criminals
Grammar – The passive
Emergency numbers

Functions: Emergency Situations
Grammar: The Passive
Vocabulary: Crime and Criminals


This chapter is focused on vocabulary associated with crime.

Have you ever been the victim of a crime?
Have you ever witnessed a crime?
zvýrazněná slovíčka po přejetí ukáží překlad

It doesn´t matter if you are a tourist or a guide, 
in either case you need to know what to do in these situations 
and what vocabulary to use.

You will need to know the following expressions to understand the chart in the next section:

a CRIME – something someone does that is illegal
a CRIMINAL  – someone who das something that is illegal
to COMMIT a crime – to do something illegal

Types of crime and types of criminals

This criminal (noun) does this... (description of the crime) The action (verb) (to commit the crime) The crime (noun) (name of the crime) Czech translation of the crime
burglarbreaks in to buildings to stealto burgle burglarykrádež vloupáním
frauddoes something illegal in order to get moneyto commit fraudfraudpodvod
kidnappertakes people away by force and demands money to free them to kidnapkidnappingúnos
mugger attacks and robs people in a public place to mugmuggingloupežné přepadení
murdererdeliberately kills another personto murdermurdervražda
pickpocketsteals money etc from other people's pocketsto pickpocketpickpocketingkapesní krádež
rapistsexually assaults someoneto raperapeznásilnění
robber steals money etc, using force or the threat of force to robrobberyloupež (například bankovní)
shopliftersteals goods from a shop to shopliftshopliftingdrobná krádež v obchodě
smugglermoves goods illegally into or out of a country without paying taxto smugglesmugglingpašování
thiefsteals property from other people (without using violence)to thievetheft krádež
vandal deliberately destroys or damages public property to vandalizevandalismvandalismus

Exercise: Crime and Criminals

Read the definition and guess the word. You can write the word or click on the letters one by one.





Talking about robbery

Robbery is a term that is overused; people often say after becoming a victim of any kind of theft, “I’ve been robbed”. But robbery is when something is stolen and there is threat of violence or use of violence at the time and in order to steal from a person.

Items robbers are looking for are easy to steal, easy to carry, easy to get rid of or use themselves to be honest so, iPods, iPads, Blackberrys were a favourite at one point, cash, they’ll take handbags because they want the cash out of them.

When a robbery is being investigated, the police is looking at where they were touched, those are the areas where there may be some evidence, things like DNA and they need to be premise about where they were touched. Things like what was the offender doing before the robbery, were they smoking, drinking from a beer can? If so where are those items now? Another questions is was the offender injured as well, is there blood at the scene or even blood on your clothing? Often in terms of clothing, we’ll seize the whole item so it may mean we’ll take items of your clothing if they’ve been in contact with the offender.

Exercise: Choose correct option

Robbery is a term which is

Robbers like stealing things which are

Handbags are being stolen because

Evidence is

The police may take the victim´s clothes

Grammar: What is the difference between rob and steal?

to steal something from somebody: 
My handbag was stolen.
He stole my handbag.
They stole it from me.
to be stolen - taken away by the thief – něco bylo ukradeno

to rob somebody/a bank/a shop/ a house etc: 
I was robbed.
The bank was robbed on Thursday.
They robbed the local shop yesterday.

to be robbed - have their property taken from them – 
někdo byl okraden, něco bylo vykradeno

Exercise: Try to complete these sentences for practice

The men were planning to the local bank.
My house has been already three times.
My laptop was when I fell asleep in a train.
He the videogame but he returned it.
He thought his purse was but he left it at home.

Grammar: Construction of the Passive Voice

The structure of the passive voice is very simple:

subject + the verb be + main verb (past participle - 3rd column of irregular verbs)

Example: My car was stolen.

In the example, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know who did it. 

Use of Passive
We use the passive when we do not know the subject (who or what “did” that) 
and we want to make the object more important.

Example: The shop was robbed.

In passive, we do not have to include information about who is performing the action (mum). 
Example: Dinner will be cooked (by mum).

Emergency numbers

If the problem has already happened, call the police on the free telephone number 158 
or the general, free emergency number 112.

Czech Republic Emergency Numbers
Ambulance: 155
Police: 158
Fire Department: 150

Foreign Missions to the Czech Republic – Contact information

Státy světa - informace na cesty (Základní informace o teritoriu…)
The way people cope as victims of crime depends on how others treat them immediately after the crime.

When a guide has to solve a problem of similar nature with his clients –
tourists, it is important to be calm and make the “victim” feel better.
The tourist needs to believe in your abilities to solve the situation.
Facial expressions may be of good help.

Victims’ Need To Feel Safe

Victims need to be reassured of their safety - be attentive to your own words, posture and tone of voice. Say to victims, “You’re safe now” or “I’m here now.” Ask victims to tell you in just a sentence or two what happened. Ask if they have any physical injuries. Take care of victims’ medical needs first. Ask victims about any special concerns, accommodations, or needs they may have.

Victims’ Need To Express Their Emotions

Victims need to air their emotions and tell their story after the trauma of the crime. Assure victims that their emotional reactions to the crime are not uncommon. Sympathize with victims by saying; “What you’re feeling is completely natural”; or “This was a terrible crime. I’m sorry it happened to you.”

Victims’ Need To Know “What Comes Next”

Victims often have concerns about their role in the investigation of the crime and in the legal proceedings. Explain to victims what you are doing as well as the law enforcement procedures for tasks that are pending. Advise victims as to what, if anything, they need to do next. Adjusted from: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ovc/publications/infores/pdftxt/FirstResponseGuidebook.pdf

Vocabulary list

Car registration licenceRegistrační značka vozidla
Driving licenceŘidičský průkaz
Emergency exitÚnikový východ
Fire BrigadeHasiči
ID cardObčanský průkaz
PassportCestovní pas
Police StationPolicejní stanice

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